About Brazil

 

Chapada Diamantina

Geography

Brazil occupies roughly half of South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean, Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela. Almost half of Brazil's territory is covered by the basin of the Amazon River and its tributaries, a region that is one of the world's largest rainforest ecologies. South of the Amazon region, the country's interior is dominated by the Brazilian Shield, an expansive bedrock flat that is slowly falling victim to the elements.  The Mato Grosso, Brazil's savanna, slowly gives way to the Planalto, a low-rise plateau that extends across the central and western regions. In the far west, along the border with Paraguay and Bolivia, is the Pantanal, one of the most extensive swamplands in the world. In the South, the Paraná River and its major tributary, the Iguaçu River form the spectacular Iguaçu Falls.  Along the Atlantic coast there are several mountain ranges, with a highest altitude of roughly 2,900 meters. The highest peak is the 3,014 meters Pico da Neblina in Northern Amazon.
Brazil spans four time zones and the time zone of the capital (Brasília) and of the most populated part of Brazil along the east coast is two hours ahead of Eastern Standard Time, or 3 hours behind GMT, except when it is on its own daylight saving time, from October to February.

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